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Ph.D., Communication, May 2021
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Dissertation: “More than a good story: Enjoyment and appreciation in narrative persuasion.”

Advisor: Melanie C. Green, Ph.D.

M.A., Communication, 2017
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Thesis: “Restorative narrative: A new approach to prosocial media.”
Advisor: Melanie C. Green, Ph.D.

B.S., Psychology, 2015
James Madison University

Thesis: "Helicopter parenting and parent-child attachment."
Advisor: Monica Reis-Bergan, Ph.D.

Minor: Sociology



Postdoctoral Research Associate

School for Mass Communication Research

Master of Communication Sciences: Digital Media and Society, KU Leuven



Master’s Thesis Advisor (9 students)

Master of Communication Sciences: Digital Media and Society, KU Leuven


Visiting Instructor, Principles of Persuasion

University at Buffalo and the Singapore Institute of Management

2018 – 2021

Instructor, Mass Communication

University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

2017 – 2018

Graduate Teaching Assistant, Mass Communication

University at Buffalo, The State University of New York

2015 – 2017

Graduate Research Assistant
Melanie C. Green, Ph.D.

funded by the National Science Foundation

2014 – 2015

Undergraduate Teaching Assistant, Social Psychology; Sociological Foundations

James Madison University


Francemone, C.J., Grizzard, M., Fitzgerald, K., Huang, J., & Ahn, C. (2021). Character sex and disposition formation in narratives. Media Psychology. Advance online publication.


Fitzgerald, K., Yue, Z., Wong, J.C.S., Green, M.C. (2021). Entertainment and social media use during social distancing: Examining trait differences in transportability and need for social assurance. Psychology of Popular Media. Advance online publication.


Grizzard, M., Francemone, C.J., Matthews, N., & Fitzgerald, K. (2021). Do audiences judge the morality of characters relativistically? How interdependence affects perceptions of characters’ temporal moral descent. Human Communication Research, 47(4), 338-363.


Moore, M., Green, M.C., Fitzgerald, K., Paravati, E. (2021). Framing inspirational content: Narrative effects on attributions and helping. Media and Communication, 9(2), 226-236.


Kryston, K. & Fitzgerald, K. (2021). Inspired to adopt: The role of social norms in media inspiration. Media and Communication, 9(2), 215-225.

Fitzgerald, K., Green, M.C., & Paravati, E. (2020). Restorative narratives: Using narrative trajectory for prosocial outcomes. The Journal of Public Interest Communications, 4(2), 51-74.

Fitzgerald, K., Francemone, C. J., & Grizzard, M. (2020). Memorable, meaningful, pleasurable: An exploratory examination of narrative character deaths. OMEGA: Journal of Death and Dying. Advance online publication.

Grizzard, M., Fitzgerald, K., & Francemone, C. J., (2020). Validating a set of retribution narratives for use in media psychology research. Communication Studies. Advance online publication.

Grizzard, M., Francemone, C. J., Fitzgerald, K., Huang, J., & Ahn, C. (2020). Interdependence of narrative characters: Implications for media theories. Journal of Communication, 70, 274-301.

Grizzard, M., Fitzgerald, K., Francemone, C., Ahn, C., Huang, J., Walton, J., McAllister, C., & Lewis, R.J. (2019). Narrative retribution and cognitive processing. Communication Research. Advance online publication.

Green, M.C., Fitzgerald, K., & Moore, M.M. (2019). Archetypes and narrative processes. Psychological Inquiry, 30(2), 99-102. doi:10.1080/1047840X.2019.1614808


Fitzgerald, K., Paravati, E., Green, M.C., Moore, M.M., & Qian, J. L. (2019). Restorative narratives for health promotion. Health Communication, 1-8. doi:10.1080/10410236.2018.1563032


Grizzard, M., Fitzgerald, K., Francemone, C.J., Ahn, C., Huang, J., Walton, J., McAllister, C., & Eden, A. (2019). Validating the Extended Character Morality Questionnaire. Media Psychology, 1-24. doi:10.1080/15213269.2019.1572523


Carpenter, J., Green, M.C., & Fitzgerald, K. (2019). Mind-reading motivation: individual differences in desire to perspective-take influence narrative processing. Scientific Study of Literature, 8, 211-238. doi:10.1075/


Grizzard, M., Huang, J., Ahn, C., Fitzgerald, K., Francemone, C.J., & Walton, J. (2019). The Gordian knot of disposition theory: character morality and liking. Journal of Media Psychology: Theories, Methods, and Applications. doi:10.1027/1864-1105/a000257


Freedman, G., Green, M. C., Flanagan, M., Fitzgerald, K., & Kaufman, G. (2018). The effect of gender on attributions for women’s anxiety and doubt in a science narrative. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 42, 1-14. doi:10.1177/0361684318754528

Green, M.C., Kaufman, G., Flanagan, M., & Fitzgerald, K. (2017). Self-esteem and public self-consciousness moderate the emotional impact of expressive writing about experiences with bias. Personality and Individual Differences, 116, 212-215. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2017.04.057


Grizzard, M., Huang, J., Fitzgerald, K., Ahn, C., & Chu, H. (2018). Sensing heroes and villains: Character-schema and the disposition formation process. Communication Research, 45, 479–501. doi:10.1177/0093650217699934


Grizzard, M., Huang, J., Weiss, J., Novotny, E., Fitzgerald, K., Chu, H…Ahn, C. (2017). Graphic violence as moral motivator: The effects of graphically violent content in news. Mass Communication and Society, 20, 763-783. doi:10.1080/15205436.2017.1339804


Green, M.C. & Fitzgerald, K. (2017). Fiction as a bridge to action. Invited commentary in response to Menninghaus, W., Wagner, V., Hanich, J., Wassiliwizky, E., Jacobsen, T., & Koelsch, S. (2017). The distancing-embracing model of the enjoyment of negative emotions in art reception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, 29-30. doi:10.1017/S0140525X17001716


Fitzgerald, K. & Green, M.C. (2022). Stories for good: Transportation into narrative worlds. In J.O. Pawelski & L. Tay (Eds.), The handbook of positive psychology on the arts and humanities: Theory and research. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Paravati, E., Fitzgerald, K., & Green, M.C. (2020). Ups and downs: How emotions make characters real. In K. Shackleford, J., Isbouts, & K. Walker (Eds.), Real characters: The psychology of parasocial relationships with media characters. Fielding Graduate University Press.

Green, M.C., Bilandzic, H., Fitzgerald, K., & Paravati, E. (2019). Narrative effects. In M.B. Oliver, A. Raney, & J. Bryant (Eds.), Handbook of media effects: Advances in theory and research, Fourth Edition. New York, NY: Routledge.

Fitzgerald, K. & Green, M.C. (2017). Narrative persuasion: Effects of transporting stories on attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. In F. Hakemulder, M.M. Kuijpers, E.S.H. Tan, K. Balint, & M.M. Doicaru (Eds.), The handbook of narrative absorption (pp. 49-67). Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Green, M.C., & Fitzgerald, K. (2016). Transportation theory. In the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication. (pp. 1-24). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

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