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CV: Text




Ph.D., Communication, May 2021
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Dissertation: “More than a good story: Enjoyment and appreciation in narrative persuasion.”

Advisor: Melanie C. Green, Ph.D.

M.A., Communication, 2017
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Thesis: “Restorative narrative: A new approach to prosocial media.”
Advisor: Melanie C. Green, Ph.D.

B.S., Psychology, 2015
James Madison University

Thesis: "Helicopter parenting and parent-child attachment."
Advisor: Monica Reis-Bergan, Ph.D.

Minor: Sociology



Postdoctoral Associate

College of Human Ecology, Cornell University

Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research

Einhorn Center for Community Engagement



Postdoctoral Research Associate

School for Mass Communication Research, KU Leuven



Master’s Thesis Advisor (9 students)

Master of Communication Sciences: Digital Media and Society, KU Leuven


Visiting Instructor, Principles of Persuasion

University at Buffalo and the Singapore Institute of Management


Instructor, Mass Communication

University at Buffalo, The State University of New York


Graduate Teaching Assistant, Mass Communication

University at Buffalo, The State University of New York


Graduate Research Assistant
Melanie C. Green, Ph.D.

funded by the National Science Foundation


Undergraduate Teaching Assistant, Social Psychology; Sociological Foundations

James Madison University


24. Grizzard, M., Francemone, C.J., Frazer, R., Fitzgerald, K., Monge, C., & Henry, C. (in press). A comprehensive test of the Affective Disposition Theory of Drama. Journal of Communication.


23. Fitzgerald, K., Francemone, C.J., & Grizzard, M. (2022). Humor and poignancy: Exploring narrative pathways to face death and bereavement. Frontiers in Communication, 1-14.


22. Frazer, R., Grizzard, M., Francemone, C. J., Fitzgerald, K., & Henry, C. (in press). Character individuation and disposition formation: An experimental exploration. Media Psychology.


21. Paravati, E., Fitzgerald, K., Green, M.C., McAllister, C., & Moore, M.M. (2022). Narratives to increase prosociality towards refugees. International Journal of Communication, 16, 2551-2572.


20. Francemone, C.J., Grizzard, M., Fitzgerald, K., Huang, J., & Ahn, C. (2021). Character gender and disposition formation in narratives: The role of competing schema. Media Psychology. Advance online publication.


19. Fitzgerald, K., Yue, Z., Wong, J.C.S., Green, M.C. (2021). Entertainment and social media use during social distancing: Examining trait differences in transportability and need for social assurance. Psychology of Popular Media. Advance online publication.


18. Grizzard, M., Francemone, C.J., Matthews, N., & Fitzgerald, K. (2021). Do audiences judge the morality of characters relativistically? How interdependence affects perceptions of characters’ temporal moral descent. Human Communication Research, 47(4), 338-363.


17. Moore, M., Green, M.C., Fitzgerald, K., Paravati, E. (2021). Framing inspirational content: Narrative effects on attributions and helping. Media and Communication, 9(2), 226-236.


16. Kryston, K. & Fitzgerald, K. (2021). Inspired to adopt: The role of social norms in media inspiration. Media and Communication, 9(2), 215-225.


15. Fitzgerald, K., Green, M.C., & Paravati, E. (2020). Restorative narratives: Using narrative trajectory for prosocial outcomes. The Journal of Public Interest Communications, 4(2), 51-74.


14. Fitzgerald, K., Francemone, C.J., & Grizzard, M. (2020). Memorable, meaningful, pleasurable: An exploratory examination of narrative character deaths. OMEGA: Journal of Death and Dying. Advance online publication.


13. Grizzard, M., Fitzgerald, K., & Francemone, C.J., (2020). Validating a set of retribution narratives for use in media psychology research. Communication Studies. Advance online publication.


12. Grizzard, M., Francemone, C.J., Fitzgerald, K., Huang, J., & Ahn, C. (2020). Interdependence of narrative characters: Implications for media theories. Journal of Communication, 70, 274-301.


11. Grizzard, M., Fitzgerald, K., Francemone, C., Ahn, C., Huang, J., Walton, J., McAllister, C., & Lewis, R.J. (2019). Narrative retribution and cognitive processing. Communication Research. Advance online publication.


10. Green, M.C., Fitzgerald, K., & Moore, M.M. (2019). Archetypes and narrative processes. Psychological Inquiry, 30(2), 99-102.


9. Fitzgerald, K., Paravati, E., Green, M.C., Moore, M.M., & Qian, J. L. (2019). Restorative narratives for health promotion. Health Communication, 35, 356-363.


8. Grizzard, M., Fitzgerald, K., Francemone, C.J., Ahn, C., Huang, J., Walton, J., McAllister, C., & Eden, A. (2019). Validating the Extended Character Morality Questionnaire. Media Psychology, 23, 107-130.


7. Carpenter, J., Green, M.C., & Fitzgerald, K. (2019). Mind-reading motivation: individual differences in desire to perspective-take influence narrative processing. Scientific Study of Literature, 8, 211-238.


6. Grizzard, M., Huang, J., Ahn, C., Fitzgerald, K., Francemone, C.J., & Walton, J. (2019). The Gordian knot of disposition theory: character morality and liking. Journal of Media Psychology: Theories, Methods, and Applications, 32, 100-105.


5. Freedman, G., Green, M. C., Flanagan, M., Fitzgerald, K., & Kaufman, G. (2018). The effect of gender on attributions for women’s anxiety and doubt in a science narrative. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 42, 178-191.


4. Green, M.C., Kaufman, G., Flanagan, M., & Fitzgerald, K. (2017). Self-esteem and public self-consciousness moderate the emotional impact of expressive writing about experiences with bias. Personality and Individual Differences, 116, 212-215.


3. Grizzard, M., Huang, J., Fitzgerald, K., Ahn, C., & Chu, H. (2018). Sensing heroes and villains: Character-schema and the disposition formation process. Communication Research, 45, 479–501.


2. Grizzard, M., Huang, J., Weiss, J., Novotny, E., Fitzgerald, K., Chu, H…Ahn, C. (2017). Graphic violence as moral motivator: The effects of graphically violent content in news. Mass Communication and Society, 20, 763-783.


1. Green, M.C. & Fitzgerald, K. (2017). Fiction as a bridge to action. Invited commentary in response to Menninghaus, W., Wagner, V., Hanich, J., Wassiliwizky, E., Jacobsen, T., & Koelsch, S. (2017). The distancing-embracing model of the enjoyment of negative emotions in art reception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, 29-30.


5. Fitzgerald, K. & Green, M.C. (2022). Stories for good: Transportation into narrative worlds. In J.O. Pawelski & L. Tay (Eds.), The handbook of positive psychology on the arts and humanities: Theory and research. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.


4. Paravati, E., Fitzgerald, K., & Green, M.C. (2020). Ups and downs: How emotions make characters real. In K. Shackleford, J., Isbouts, & K. Walker (Eds.), Real characters: The psychology of parasocial relationships with media characters. Fielding Graduate University Press.


3. Green, M.C., Bilandzic, H., Fitzgerald, K., & Paravati, E. (2019). Narrative effects. In M.B. Oliver, A. Raney, & J. Bryant (Eds.), Handbook of media effects: Advances in theory and research, Fourth Edition. New York, NY: Routledge.


2. Fitzgerald, K. & Green, M.C. (2017). Narrative persuasion: Effects of transporting stories on attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. In F. Hakemulder, M.M. Kuijpers, E.S.H. Tan, K. Balint, & M.M. Doicaru (Eds.), The handbook of narrative absorption (pp. 49-67). Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Company.


1. Green, M.C., & Fitzgerald, K. (2016). Transportation theory. In the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication. (pp. 1-24). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

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